The Instrumental Culture of Bashkir Polytheism

Lilia F. Ishmurzina


The article discusses rare musical instruments utilized in Bashkir polytheistic rites – the frictional chordophone Kyl-kubyz, the vertical aerophone Byzyldak and the national bagpipes Shugur, the membranophone Dungur and the idiophone Kubyz. Mention is made of the corporeal and musical manifestations of the “uzliau” – solo two-voiced overtone singing and sound imitation. The material is illustrated by computerized conversion of bird song, music examples and photographs of traditional performers.

Keywords: polytheism, ritual chordophones, aerophones, membranophones, idiophones, solo two-part overtone singing, sound imitation

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